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Mfundo zingapo zofunika zomwe ziyenera kulamuliridwa posankha thumba lochotsa fumbi

Nthawi: 2023-06-28 Phokoso: 12

Mu fyuluta ya thumba, fumbi limamangiriridwa pamwamba pa thumba la fyuluta. Pamene mpweya wa fumbi umadutsa mu fumbi, fumbi lidzatsekedwa pamwamba pa thumba la fyuluta, ndipo mpweya woyera umalowa mu thumba la fyuluta kudzera muzosefera. Khola mu thumba la fyuluta limagwiritsidwa ntchito kuthandizira thumba la fyuluta, kupewa kugwa kwa thumba la fyuluta, ndikuthandizira kuyeretsa ndi kugawanso keke ya fyuluta. Nsalu ndi kapangidwe ka thumba lochotsa fumbi zimayenera kusefera bwino, kuchotsa fumbi kosavuta komanso kulimba. Kusankhidwa kwa fumbi kuchotsa nsalu thumba n'kofunika kwambiri, zomwe zimakhudza mwachindunji kuchotsa fumbi kwenikweni. Kusankhidwa kwa thumba la fumbi makamaka kumadera a kutentha kwa mpweya, chinyezi, mankhwala a mafunde, kukula kwa tinthu, ndende ya fumbi, kuthamanga kwa mphepo, kuchotsa fumbi, etc.

Pochotsa fumbi, kaŵirikaŵiri amakhulupirira kuti pamene fumbi likuwomberedwa pakati pa fumbi la fumbi, pakati pa thumba la fumbi lidzacheperachepera, kuti akwaniritse zotsatira za kuchotsa fumbi. M'malo mwake, pakuwomba ndi kuyang'ana mu labotale ya oscillogram, mpweya wa mpweya umathamangira ku thumba lafumbi, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti thumba la fumbi ligwedezeke mofulumira kuchokera pamwamba mpaka pansi, ndipo thumba la fumbi la fumbi limawombera pansi. kugwedezeka ndi kuthamanga. Ikakhala yokwera kwambiri, matalikidwewo amakhala okwera kwambiri, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti fumbi liwuluke, zomwe zimatsogolera kumitundu iwiri ya adsorption. Ndi bwino jekeseni kuthamanga ndi matalikidwe oyenera kupanga midadada ndi anamwazikana.

Chikwama chachikulu chotsika kwambiri cha pulse fumbi chotolera ndi chowuma chamtundu wamtundu wapamwamba wotolera fumbi. Ndilo kuyika kochotsa fumbi komwe kumagwiritsa ntchito zinthu zosefera thumba zopangidwa ndi ulusi woluka nsalu kuti zigwire tinthu tating'onoting'ono mu gasi wafumbi Mfundo yake ndi yakuti pamene fumbi la fumbi limadutsa nsalu ya fyuluta, imachotsedwa chifukwa cha mphamvu ya inertial ndi Fine fumbi tinthu tating'onoting'ono timakhudzidwa ndi mamolekyu a mpweya ndikusintha komwe amayendera nthawi ndi nthawi. Chifukwa kusiyana pakati pa ulusi ndi kakang'ono kusiyana ndi njira yaulere ya Brownian kuyenda kwa ma molekyulu a gasi, tinthu tating'onoting'ono timagundana ndi ulusi ndikulekanitsidwa; Njira yake yogwirira ntchito imagwirizana ndi njira yoluka ya zinthu zosefera, kachulukidwe ka fiber, kufalikira kwa fumbi, inertia, chitetezo, mphamvu yokoka ndi electrostatic kanthu ndi njira yake yochotsera phulusa; Zosefera za nsalu ndiye chinsinsi cha fyuluta yachikwama. Kuphatikiza pa kachulukidwe kake komanso kuthekera kwa mpweya, thumba la kutentha kwambiri liyeneranso kukhala ndi kukana kwa dzimbiri, kukana kutentha komanso mphamvu zamakina.

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